Wednesday, June 15, 2005

Classic Italians


This is continued from Classic Italians.

These are the people between Monteverdi and Rossini.

Francesco Cavalli (1602-1676) He was a Venetian, important in establishing the bel canto style. He and Monteverdi established the Venetian opera. His real name was Pietro Francesco Caletti-Bruni. He had a gig at St. Marks throughout his career.

Marc Antonio Cesti (1623-1669) Studied with Carissimi. Carissimi is not listed because he wrote oratorios, was in fact the founder of that form, and not operas. Cesti worked in Vienna for some of his career and was most remembered for Il Pomo d'Oro, a festival opera presented at Vienna.

Alessandro_Stradella (1644-1682) Well, isn't this fun. He didn't have a regular gig because he was constantly being run out of town. He was in Venice from 1677 to ? and would indeed have made at least part of his living from the commercial opera there. He was eventually murdered.

Carlo Pallavicino (1630-1688) Sorry, he isn't in Wikipedia. He worked in Venice from 1674 to 1685 and wrote operas during that period.

Agostino Steffani (1653-1728) He was very international, working in Hanover for an extended period, and lived his adult life primarily outside Italy.

Allesandro Scarlatti (1660-1725) He is probably the most significant in the group because he established the Neapolitan school, the school of Handel, Mozart and Rossini. There are Carissimi and Queen Christina connections here.

Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741) May we presume he was a Venetian opera composer? Orlando is the opera we know best.

Leonardo Vinci (1690-1730) He is a Neapolitan, writing both serious and comic operas.

Giovanni Battista Pergolesi (1710-1736) He wrote La Serva Padrona and was very famous in his short life. He was an early Rococo master. He was also centered in Naples.

Antonio Caldara (1670-1736) He started out in Venice and wrote operas in the Venetian style while moving on to Mantua, Rome and eventually Vienna.

Antonio Lotti (1667-1740) He also had a gig at St. Marks and wrote operas in the Venetian style. He worked briefly in Dresden.

Nicola Porpora (1686-1768) Aha: "In 1722 his operatic successes encouraged him to lay down his conservatory commitments." This was during his tenure in Venice. He was trained in Naples and brought this style to Venice. And some other cities.

Antonio Sacchini (1734-1786) He was also a Neapolitan by birth and by training. He had triumphs in opera in both London and Paris.

Giovanni Paisiello (1741-1816) He was also trained in Naples.

Domenico Cimarosa
(1749-1802) He started out in Naples.

So now it is possible to test my theory about money. The results appear to be good.

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